[Iris Guiver Wilkinson
[Robin Hyde] (1906-1939)]
Anthology texts to read:
- James Hamilton-Paterson: 'The End of Travel,' from Granta (2006)
- Robin Hyde: from Dragon Rampant (1939)
L'Invitation au Voyage
You’ll recall, in week one, those two You tube videos I invited you to look at? Last week we talked about the advantages of staying “in the neighbourhood” – benefiting from the intimate knowledge so easily attainable in your own backyard. This week I’d like to move to the other extreme: the romance of travel to an unknown destination, the lure of what is most exotic and strange.
[Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867)]
The French romantic poet Baudelaire put it most memorably in his poem “Le Voyage” (from the revised, 1861 version of his book Les Fleurs du Mal [The Flowers of Evil]):
Mais les vrais voyageurs sont ceux-là seuls qui partent
Pour partir; cœurs légers, semblables aux ballons,
De leur fatalité jamais ils ne s’écartent,
Et, sans savoir pourquoi, disent toujours : Allons !
Plonger au fond du gouffre, Enfer ou Ciel, qu’importe ?
Au fond de l’Inconnu pour trouver du nouveau !
[But the only true travellers are those who leave
Just to leave; like balloons, their hearts lighter than air,
Their fate is not something they could hope to survive,
So, without knowing why, they just say: Let’s go!
To the depths of the abyss, Hell or Heaven, who cares?
To the depths of the Unknown to find something new!]
What interests me most about the video for Icehouse’s “Great Southern Land”, though, is the degree to which this glamorous scenic vision depends on eliminating the human and everyday. The camera never descends from its position well above our heads, sweeping over each landscape with a bird’s-eye view.
Particularity, people and participation are all absent from this scenario: “What is the use of a book without pictures or conversations?” was the opinion of Lewis Carroll’s Alice (in Alice in Wonderland), and I’m afraid that even five minutes of sweeping propaganda footage of wonderful Australia is about as much as the viewer can take. Be warned, then, that however glittering the views, readers will not tolerate very much scenic evocation before they want to start meeting some people and hearing some stories.
The desire for escape from the everyday has received rather a bad press over the years. The very label “Escapism” implies that this is some kind of illness requiring diagnosis and treatment rather than a perfectly natural impulse.
The impulse may be natural, but some of its manifestations can, admittedly, be unfortunate – wanting to skip out on your worldly responsibilities, to stop paying child support or interest on your debts, is equally understandable, perhaps, but it can have bad consequences for you and (more importantly) for other people.
Perfect freedom may be an illusion, but it’s a very powerful one, and one of its most potent incarnations is in the desire for overseas travel: there, and there only – if only in our imaginations – can we be free of entanglements and humdrum commitments. Without that impulse, we might perhaps be happier, but we would also be less human.
[Robin Hyde in China (1938)]
Choosing the ideal destination
“... nothing could now pass which was not extraordinary; wherein I doubted some authors less consulted truth than their own vanity, or interest, or the diversion of ignorant readers.”
– Jonathan Swift, Gulliver’s Travels (1726): 161-62.
Discussion of the lecture topic:
- What makes a place memorable?
- What are the reasons (respectable / less respectable) for writing about a particular place?
Exercise: Writing a Scene.
In pairs, you'll act out a little travel drama (if you have time, it would be great if you could swap around and do more than one scene).
Here are some suggested scenarios:
- Couple quarreling in front of you about something trivial
- Irritating teenagers behind you talking loudly about parties / boy or girlfriends / the uncoolness of their parents
- Person trying to strike up acquaintance with attractive non-English-speaking tourist
- Come up with something else ...
If we have time, we'll go round the class and listen to as many as possible of the scenes.
[Homework: bring a one-page version of your scene to read out in class]
[James Hamilton-Paterson fan (2007)]